Learn and Understand:



God’s Majesty   .   Prayer and Praise    .   Learning God’s Ways    .    Coping In Times of Pressure    .    His All-embracing Care    .     His Word at Work    .   Time and Eternity


Imperfect as David was, David had a pure heart.  Several Psalms demonstrate the breadth of David’s emotions—such as the death of Saul, Jonathan and Abner. There was also a keen sense of relief when he was delivered from Saul and other enemies.  There was celebration and Thanksgiving when the Ark was brought into Jerusalem.  He prayed hard for his own safety out of his emotions. 

This collection of 150 songs and prayers, the Psalms, contain songs not only by David and Solomon, but of Korah— Asaph, Hemen, and Ethan— who were assigned to the ministry of temple worship.  A song of Moses is included in Psalm 90.  The original collection was divided into 5 books. They can be rearranged with 5 major topical groupings.  Songs of praise, supplication, and thanksgiving were a significant  part of Israel’s worship.  David also appointed singers to minister through songs and prophecy in the temple.  All of those were built on David’s songs and prayers while some others wrote psalms for themselves. 

 Psalms for the Troubled Soul
The first group of 35 reflect the fears of one whose enemies are after us on every side. David had many such enemies.  They speak of anyone who has ever known persecution for righteousness, or anyone who feels betrayed and alone in the midst of a hostile world.   The enemy not only reflect physical harm but brings mockery, slander and lies. Sometimes the psalmist wonders if God even hears his prays and at other times give to God for having heard his prayers and supplications.  There is apparent harshness in many psalms which is the exaggeration of a pursued and fearful soul.  


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Psalms.scroll Wikipidia
The psalms cover the time span from Moses (c.1410 BC) to the post - exile community under Ezra and Nehemiah (430 BC).  They were written to different audiences under many conditions. They reflect moods and topics such as jubilation, war, peace, worship, judgment, messianic prophesy, praise, and lament.   It is not always easy to interpret the psalms with the historical event. They should be interpreted in its historical light  — but it is not always obvious.  Many psalms anticipate Israel’s Messiah and are fulfilled in Christ.  The Psalms were set to accompaniment of stringed instruments and served as the temple "hymnbook" and a devotional guide for the Jewish people.  They were gradually collected and originally unnamed. It is a collection of works from many generations over a thousand years. It became to be known as  Sepher TehillimBook of Praises. Every psalm contains some note of praise to God. 
Half of the psalms are designated as Davidic — the Beloved of Yahweh, an experienced shepherd, musician, warrior, and king, all reflected in these psalms.  Twelve were by Asaph (Collector), a priest who headed the temple worship of music.  Ten were written by the son’s of Korah, a guild of singers and composers.  Two were by Solomon (meaning Peaceful) Israel’s most powerful king.  Psalm 90 was attributed to Moses (meaning Son of the Water), who was a prince, herdsman, and deliverer.  Also one by Herman (meaning Faithful) and Ethan (meaning Enduring) who were wise men.  A portion of psalms remain anymous, but have been traditionally attributed to Ezra.
Some specific prophesies in the Psalms include:  
Prophesy (Psalm)                                                         Fulfillment (Scripture)
2:7       God will declare Him to be his Son…………   Matthew 3:17
8:6       All things will be put under his feet……........  Hebrews 2:8
16:10    He will be resurrected from the dead….…    Mark 16:6,7
22:1      Forsaken in his hour of need………………. Matthew 27:46
22:7-8   He will be scorned and mocked……………  Luke 23:35
22:16    His hands and feet will be pierced…………  John 20:25, 27
22:18    Others will gamble for his clothes………….. Matthew 27:35,36
34:20    Not one of his bones will be broken……….  John 19:32,33, 36
 35:11    He will be accused by false witness……….. Mark 14:57
35:19    He will be hated without cause……………… John 15:25
40:7,8   He will come to do God’s will………………… Hebrews 10:7
41:19    He will be betrayed by a friend………………. Luke 22:47
45:6      His will be forever……………………………… Hebrews 1:8
68:18    He will ascend to God’s right hand………….. Mark 16:19
69:9     Zeal for God’s house will consume him…….   John 2:17
69:21    Given vinegar and gall to drink……………… Matthew 27:34
109:4    He will pray for his enemies………………    .. Hebrews 5:6
109:8    His betrayer’s office fulfilled by another…..... Matthew 21:42
110:1    His enemies made subject to him…………… Matthew 22:44
110:4    He will be a priest like Melchizedek………..... Hebrews 5:6
118:22  He will be the chief cornerstone………….…. Matthew 21:42
118:26  He will come in the name of the Lord….….... Matthew 21:9



references used:  
The "Chronological History of the Psalms"
"The Daily Bible"--Chronological Guide Through God's Words